Edit: Upon further inspection of the uploaded picture, it appears the amount of data on 2 of the partitions is very slightly different - does that seem important?
My next step was to reboot the computer and select the new SSD as the boot drive from the BIOS. I did so, and the new drive appeared to be booting up Windows normally - it showed the blue windows logo flash screen with the spinning wheel just like it did when booting from the old SSD. However, after a few seconds, the monitor just went completely black and there was no further activity. The computer remained powered on, the fans were blowing, the monitor was on, etc. It was just black with no login screen or any signs of life whatsoever. The only way to get booted back up again was to manually restart the computer and select the old drive as the boot drive again.
I did my best to research the problem via google searches, but no matter what wording I tried, I just kept getting useless suggestions like "make sure the drive is plugged in," or "make sure to select the new drive as a boot drive," etc.
If it helps at all, here's the model numbers for both drives:
Old SSD (240 GB) - Crucial BX200: ct240bx200ssd1
New SSD (1TB) - WD Blue 3D NAND SATA SSD: WDS100T2B0A
And here's a (low quality) picture that shows the old SSD partitions and the new SSD ones:
I've never cloned a drive before and I know there's a lot of tech savvy people here on TL so I was hoping for some advice. Thanks so much in advance!