Lesson 003 - Kana pt2
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Origami, the art of paper folding, originated sometime in the 17th century. Models are made only by folding the paper. No cuts or tears are made, and no glue is used. In recent years it has become somewhat of a science. Mathematics and the progression of technology allow for origami designs to become rather... insane. What's really impressive about some of the following models is that most of them only use one sheet of paper.
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Each Star you see is a different piece of paper
This is composed of (probably) thousands of square pieces folded into triangles and fit together to form the dragon. Individual pieces are identical. Not difficult to fold, hard to put together, brutally time consuming.
Now for pretty awesome single sheet
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Everyone knows the classic origami crane. Making one this small is certainly a challenge.
Kawasaki Rose. The green petals are another piece of paper, but the rose is really the main attraction. The first design (I think) to utilize a circular folding technique. Named after the creator.
I don't really know anything about these, but it is one piece!
One square. One massive square. Dimensions are meters by meters. One side is longer than the creator is tall, iirc.
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The pronunciation of each character is written underneath in romaji (Phonetic spelling of characters using the Roman alphabet). The stroke order of each character is denoted by the blue numbered arrows. ゐ and ゑ are no longer used and will be skipped
Most of the remaining Hiragana use a single consonant sound followed by the vowel sounds learned above, with just a few exceptions that will be noted when we come across them.
Today we'll be looking at さ through と
Pronunciation: All of these begin with a typical S sound as in, sake or say, followed by the vowel sounds we already know, with one exception
さ → sa
し → shi - The exception. し is pronounced with an SH sound, and sounds just like the word “she”
す → su
せ --> se
そ --> so
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The た column uses the T consonant, like in the words “tape” “together,” followed by the vowel. Two exceptions.
た → ta
ち → chi - Pronounce exactly as it is in “tai chi”
つ → tsu - This is like an articulated “su” to stress the presence of the t. It might be easier to think of it like beatboxing a high hat. The articulation used for a high hat rhythm is similar to making the sound for つ (could be wrong, I’m not a beatboxer ). Listen to the video multiple times and compare it to す. The two should not sound the same. If you pronounce them the same way you will not be understood.
て → te
と → to
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Vocabulary introduced in this lesson (not really important at this point): Kana (Kanji) - Meaning
あせ （汗） - sweat
いす - chair
いと （糸） - thread
うし （牛） - cow
うそ （嘘） - lie; fib
かさ （傘） - umbrella
かてい （家庭） - home; household
くち （口） - mouth (yep, it’s a square)
さけ （酒） - alcohol (In English “sake” refers to a specific type in alcohol, but in Japan “sake” is used to refer to alcohol in general)
さち （幸） - good luck; fortune; happiness
しお （塩） - salt
すし （寿司） - sushi
せき （咳） - cough
そこ - over there
たけ （竹） - bamboo
たこ - octopus
ちいさい （小さい） - small; little
ちかてつ （地下鉄） - subway (not the restaurant)
つち （土） - earth; soil; dirt
て （手） - hand
とけい （時計） - watch; clock
Please practice writing! I’ve written a fairly decent amount of Japanese and my friends tell me that my handwriting still looks like a child’s! It will also help later if you choose to correspond with someone via snail mail. Learning to write all the characters will make it much easier to read them. Especially when it comes to kanji!
Feedback over the course of these entries will be much appreciated, and I will try to tweak future lessons to everyone’s liking.